Wheat is leading cereal grown over 220 mha worldwide with the production of about 761 mt. The socio-economic importance of wheat and its contribution to the diets of humans and livestock cannot be ignored. It is unrivalled in its wide range of adaptation and cultivation from the tropics and subtropics. 11% of the present world population is undernourished in terms of energy intake while, 1.3 billion people are suffering from micronutrient deficiencies. Whereby, wheat is one of the solutions which contributes nearly 20% of the daily dietary calories and paves way for improved food and nutritional security for mankind. Similarly, barley is an industrial crop and can cope-up under marginal and hostile soils with its inherent genetic potential. It is full of nutrition coupled with multi-health benefits and can provide sustainable solution for modern life style diseases.